Liver cirrhosis is a very complicated disease that may cause death. The healthy liver tissues slowly get replaced by scar liver tissues.The main cause of liver cirrhosis is consuming excessive alcohol. Hepatitis B and C can also cause liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis caused due to heavy alcohol consumption is often called alcoholic liver cirrhosis.
Why is it dangerous?
The liver has an important role to play in the body. It helps in getting rid of the toxins from the blood. It also breaks down proteins and helps in absorbing fats. If the liver stops working properly due to alcohol consumption then it will become difficult to lead a healthy life. If a person has consumed alcohol for more than 8 years and has taken 5 or more drinks a day then the person has a very high chance of being affected by liver cirrhosis. It is estimated that about 10% to 20% people who drink too much alcohol have a chance of getting diagnosed with liver cirrhosis. There are three stages of alcoholic liver cirrhosis. One is the fatty liver condition in which fat starts building up in the liver. Alcoholic hepatitis is the next stage when the liver cells start to swell. The last stage is the liver cirrhosis.
You should go to a doctor once you notice the symptoms of alcoholic liver cirrhosis. The doctor will check out your medical history. Then a number of tests will be done to know the ammonia, sodium, magnesium, and potassium levels in your blood. Other tests will also be done.
Alcoholic liver cirrhosis may lead to a number of serious conditions. These include developing fluid inside the stomach, mental confusion, internal bleeding or jaundice. If the condition is serious, a liver transplant is necessary. If it is diagnosed at a later stage, then it may turn out to be fatal.
There is no way you can treat alcoholic liver cirrhosis. However, the doctors can slow down its progress. The doctor will help you to stop drinking. Medication and nutritional counseling can all be part of the treatment plant. Liver transplant is the last treatment option available for liver cirrhosis.
Early diagnosis is vital for liver cirrhosis. If it can be diagnosed early then the complications can be minimized. The doctor will design a treatment plan for reducing alcohol consumption first and then prescribe the other treatment options. You must limit your daily alcohol consumption level in order to lower the risk of having liver cirrhosis.